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Tails

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Tails è un sistema operativo portatile che protegge da sorveglianza e censura. Evita la sorveglianza, la censura, la pubblicità e i virus Tails usa la rete Tor per proteggere la tua privacy online e aiutarti a evitare la censura. Goditi Internet come dovrebbe essere. Spegni il computer e avvialo dalla tua chiavetta USB al posto di Windows, macOS o Linux. Dopo l'arresto del sistema, sul computer non rimane traccia di Tails. Tails include una selezione di applicazioni per lavorare su documenti sensibili e per comunicare senza rischi. E' basato su Debian.

Tipo Sistema Operativo
Linux

Tails report for May 2023

Highlights

  • We started serving the Tails website under the tails.net domain. Until now, we have been redirecting totails.boum.org. The full migration will still take some time.

  • We have 2 new sponsors for this year! ThinkPenguin renewed their support, and another individual came on-board, but prefers to remain anoynomous. 

  • Between 2021 and 2023 we partnered with Tor, and the Guardian Project to organise training and usability tests in Ecuador, Mexico, and Brazil. Drawing this work to a close, we organised an online workshop for digital security trainers at the request of Sursiendo. We shared experiences about the training, and discussed past and future updates to Tails.

Releases

Tails 5.13 was released on May 16

  • Tails now uses LUKS2 by default for all new Persistent Storage and LUKS encrypted volumes. LUKS2 provide stronger cryptography by default. A migration plan from LUKS1 to LUKS2 for the existing Persistent Storage is in Tails 5.14.

  • You can now download files from the command-line interface using curl. curl's versatility can be useful for online investigations as an alternative to wget.

Metrics

Tails has been started more than 765,853 times this month. That's over 24,705 boots a day on average.

Distro

Tails 5.14

New features

Automatic migration to LUKS2 and Argon2id

The cryptographic parameters of LUKS from Tails 5.12 or earlier are weak against a state-sponsored attacker with physical access to your device.

To use stronger encryption parameters, Tails 5.14 automatically converts your Persistent Storage to use LUKS2 encryption with Argon2id.

Still, we recommend you change the passphrase of your Persistent Storage and other LUKS encrypted volumes unless you use a long passphrase of 5 random words or more.

Read our security advisory and upgrade guide.

Full backups from Tails Installer

You can now do a backup of your Persistent Storage from Tails Installer by cloning your Persistent Storage to your backup Tails entirely.

You can still use the backup utility to go faster while updating your backup.

Captive portal detection

Tails now detects if you have to sign in to the network using a captive portal if you choose to connect to Tor automatically.

The error screen appears more quickly and recommends you try to sign in to the network as the first option.

Incentive to donate from Electrum

Many people use Tails to secure their Bitcoin wallet and donations in Bitcoin are key to the survival of our project, so we integrated a way to donate from Electrum in Tails.

Popup when starting Electrum with
button to donate

Changes and updates

Included software

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.0.7.

Usability improvements to the Persistent Storage

  • Change the button to create a Persistent Storage from the Welcome Screen to be a switch. (#19673)

  • Add back the description of some of the Persistent Storage features and mention Kleopatra in the GnuPG feature. (#19642 and #19675)

  • Hide the duplicated Persistent bookmark in the Files browser. (#19646)

Fixed problems

For more details, read our changelog.

  • Avoid restarting the desktop environment when creating a Persistent Storage. (#19667)

Known issues

None specific to this release.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.14

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.14.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.14 directly:

Distro

Tails 5.15.1

Changes and updates

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.5.

    Tor Browser 12.5 has a new circuit view and better information about onion services.

  • Support onion service authentication in Tor Browser.

    For example, onion service authentication is used by OnionShare outside of Tails.

    Tor Browser asking for a private key to connect to an onion service

  • Display the version of Tails in the Boot Loader

    SYSLINUX Boot Loader displaying 'Tails 5.15.1'

Fixed problems

  • Fix the search of some languages and keyboard layouts. (#19200)

    Searching for 'esp' now returns 'Español'

  • Make the upgrade of the Persistent Storage more reliable:

    • On some systems, the message "Upgrading the persistent storage" was displayed every time in Tails 5.14 when Tails failed to upgrade one of the cryptographic parameters. (#19734)

    • On some USB sticks, upgrading the Persistent Storage was too slow and failed with the error message "Upgrade of persistent storage failed". (#19728)

  • Fix opening documentation links from Tails Installer. (#19870)

  • Prevent Tor Browser to access information about other Tor circuits. (#19740)

  • Make the error when scanning the QR code of a bridge more consistent. (#19737)

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

#19728 was affecting 5.14, and it might still be present. If you encounter this bug, please send us a WhisperBack report.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.15.1

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.15.1.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.15.1 directly:

Distro

Tails report for June 2023

Highlights

  • 2 more sponsors renewed their support for Tails! Look to the Right and Nym Technologies. We are all so grateful for their generosity.

  • Tails now uses LUKS2 with Argon2id by default for all new Persistent Storage and LUKS encrypted volumes. Until Tails 5.12, Tails created LUKS devices version 1 (LUKS1) with PBKDF2 to derive cryptographic keys. But, PBKDF2 no longer offers adequate protection against brute force attacks. We published an extensive security advisory for this migration.

  • We also published the entire Puppet codebase that manages the Tails infrastructure. Have a look under the hood!

Releases

Tails 5.14 was released on 16 June 2023.

  • Tails 5.14 automatically converts your Persistent Storage to use LUKS2 encryption with Argon2id. 

  • Persistent Storage is not only more secure, but also more usable now. We've brought back descriptions of some of the Persistent Storage features, and the button on the welcome page that creates Persistent Storage is now a switch instead of a button.

  • Many people use Tails to secure their Bitcoin wallet. All Electrum users on Tails can now donate to Tails through Electrum itself. Tails runs on your donations!

Metrics

Tails was started more than 750,346 times this month. That's a daily average of over 25,012 boots.

Distro

Welcome to tails.net!

Today, we finished migrating our website to a new domain: tails.net.

After 14 years using a subdomain of boum.org, we finally found a new home that will be easier for everybody to remember and type. Tails will become easier to find by the people who need it the most.

The new domain also provides us more autonomy and possibilities for some technical work.

The former tails.boum.org domain will continue working until further notice, to avoid breaking upgrades and security notifications on older versions of Tails and external links on the Internet.

Please make sure to update any important pointers you might have or know about.

We want to thank boum.org for supporting the project for all these years. Their support was and continues to be very valuable! :)

Distro

Tails 5.16

Changes and updates

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.5.2.

  • Update Thunderbird to 102.14.0.

  • Display the passphrase recommendation for the Persistent Storage in small caps only.

    Capitalizing each word is more cumbersom and not more secure.

Fixed problems

  • Fix some failures while unlocking the Persistent Storage. (#19728)

    Sometimes, upgrading the cryptographic parameters of the Persistent Storage was taking too long and made unlocking the Persistent Storage fail. We allowed the upgrade to take more time before reporting a failure.

    Please keep reporting errors using WhisperBack if you have problems unlocking your Persistent Storage.

  • Fix the circuit view of Tor Browser that was sometimes not displayed. (#19897)

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.16

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.16.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.16 directly:

Distro

Tails 5.16.1

This release is an emergency release to fix a critical vulnerability in the Linux kernel.

Changes and updates

  • Update the Linux kernel to 6.1.38.

    This updates fixes:

    These vulnerability could allow a malicious application running in Tails to access and steal data from another application in Tails, for example passwords stored in KeePassXC or private keys stored in Electrum.

    This attack is unlikely, but could be performed by a strong attacker, such as a government or a hacking firm. We are not aware of this attack being used in the wild.

Fixed problems

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

None specific to this release.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.16.1

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.16.1.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.16.1 directly:

Distro

Tails report for July 2023

Highlights

  • In case you missed it, we have a new home. In July, we completed the migration of the Tails website to a new namespace: tails.net. Welcome!

  • 2 more sponsors renewed their support for Tails: freiheitsfoo and Exam Success! We are all very grateful for their continued support and generosity. You, too, could sponsor Tails.

  • We have started work on deciding the next big feature for Tails! We are deliberating between adding either VPN functionality or messaging applications. We're sure you have preferences and pointers for us. Let us know.

Releases

Tails 5.15.1 was released on July 11 2023.

  • From Tails 5.14 - the previous Tails release - your Persistent Storage automatically uses LUKS2 encryption with Argon2id. On some systems, the upgrade was facing issues with reliability (#19734, #19728). Tails 5.15.1 fixes these reliability issues. If you are still experiencing issues, WhisperBack

  • Tor browser in Tails now supports authenticated onion services in a consistent manner.

Metrics

Tails was started more than 751,383 times this month. That's a daily average of over 24,238 boots.

Distro

Tails 5.17

Changes and updates

  • Rename Tails Installer as Tails Cloner. (#16907)

  • Install more printer drivers and enable all printers automatically. (#18254)

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.5.3.

  • Update Thunderbird to 102.15.0.

Fixed problems

  • Fix some failures while unlocking the Persistent Storage. (#19728)

    Sometimes, upgrading the cryptographic parameters of the Persistent Storage was taking too long and made unlocking the Persistent Storage fail. We allowed the upgrade to take more time before reporting a failure.

    Please keep reporting errors using WhisperBack if you have problems unlocking your Persistent Storage.

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

None specific to this release.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.17

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.17.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.17 directly:

Distro

Tails 5.17.1

This release is an emergency release to fix a critical vulnerability in Tor Browser.

We'd like to dedicate this Tails release to Debian developer Abraham Raji who tragically lost his life in an accident on the 13th of September, 2023.

Changes and updates

For more details, read our changelog.

Known issues

None specific to this release.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.17.1

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.17.1.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.17.1 directly:

Distro

Improving Tails for human rights defenders in Latin America

Between 2021 and 2023 Tails, Tor, and the Guardian Project partnered to organize training and usability tests in Ecuador, Mexico, and Brazil. Our goals were to:

  • Promote our digital security tools and train human rights defenders in the Global South.
  • Learn from their experiences and needs to help us prioritize future work.
  • Improve the usability of our tools based on their feedback.

Usability tests and improvements

We conducted 4 rounds of in-person moderated usability tests in Mexico, Brazil, and Ecuador to identify usability issues in the features of Tails that are most important to new users:

  • Installation
  • Tor Connection
  • Persistent Storage

The DesignOps tools that we used to organize these usability tests are all publicly available on our website.

The detailed methodology for each of the usability tests is explained in the corresponding GitLab issues, linked below.

Installation

In December 2021 in Mexico, we learned that the tools for new users to install Tails worked well, but several people got lost while navigating the instructions on the website.

Based on these findings, we restructured our installation pages and fixed 30 usability issues on the website.

We tested these improvements in August 2022 in Brazil and confirmed that the new installation pages were much easier to follow. Only 1 out of 4 participants had trouble installing Tails on their own. All participants could start Tails and connect to the Tor network easily.

Details:

Tor Connection

In July 2021, we released the Tor Connection assistant to completely redesign how to connect Tails to the Tor network. The new assistant is most useful to people who are at high risk of physical surveillance, under heavy network censorship, or on a poor Internet connection.

In August 2022 in Brazil, we tested the usability of Tor Connection when accessing the Tor network is blocked by censorship or by a captive portal.

Despite the many usability issues that we fixed since the first release of Tor Connection, 3 test participants out of 4 failed to connect when access to the Tor network was blocked.

Since then we fixed 14 usability issues affecting Tor Connection: to understand better why connecting to Tor fails, to make it easier to configure a Tor bridge, and to make it easier to sign in to a network using a captive portal.

Persistent Storage

In March 2023 in Ecuador, we tested the usability of the new Persistent Storage, which was released in Tails in December 2022.

We didn't find any serious usability issues in the new Persistent Storage. The fact that people don't have to restart to create and enable the Persistent Storage and that their data (eg. Wi-Fi password) is stored on creation were huge improvements compared to the old Persistent Storage.

Trainings

Through our combined efforts we reached 47 organizations and trained 433 human rights defenders on our family of tools based on the Tor network. For Tails only, we conducted 8 workshops and trained 84 people on using Tails: journalists, activists, feminists, lawyers, and human rights defenders.

The material used for these Tails workshops is available on our website in English, Spanish, and Portuguese.

Assistants to the workshops were able to start Tails on all their PC computers but had more frequent issues with Mac computers.

From what is already possible to do with Tails, people were most interested in using Tails to:

  • Handle sensitive data, for example, medical data of abortion patients, sensitive documents from political trials, or field studies from human rights violations. That said, not all journalists thought that they were manipulating data that was sensitive enough to require a tool like Tails. Sometimes it was hard to draw the line on when to use Tails and when not.

  • Investigate sensitive topics online, either for journalistic purposes, medical purposes, or when making safe travel plans.

  • Have a secure OS when using other people's computer, either when traveling or when people don't have the means to have their own computer.

From what is not possible yet to do with Tails, people were most interested in:

  • Doing online meetings and using mobile messaging apps like Signal and Telegram from Tails.

  • Using a VPN instead of Tor for speed and access to more websites.

We included both of these objectives in our 3-year product strategy. You can track our progress in the GitLab issues related to #19472.

Distro

Tails 5.14

New features

Automatic migration to LUKS2 and Argon2id

The cryptographic parameters of LUKS from Tails 5.12 or earlier are weak against a state-sponsored attacker with physical access to your device.

To use stronger encryption parameters, Tails 5.14 automatically converts your Persistent Storage to use LUKS2 encryption with Argon2id.

Still, we recommend you change the passphrase of your Persistent Storage and other LUKS encrypted volumes unless you use a long passphrase of 5 random words or more.

Read our security advisory and upgrade guide.

Full backups from Tails Installer

You can now do a backup of your Persistent Storage from Tails Installer by cloning your Persistent Storage to your backup Tails entirely.

You can still use the backup utility to go faster while updating your backup.

Captive portal detection

Tails now detects if you have to sign in to the network using a captive portal if you choose to connect to Tor automatically.

The error screen appears more quickly and recommends you try to sign in to the network as the first option.

Incentive to donate from Electrum

Many people use Tails to secure their Bitcoin wallet and donations in Bitcoin are key to the survival of our project, so we integrated a way to donate from Electrum in Tails.

Popup when starting Electrum with
button to donate

Changes and updates

Included software

  • Update Tor Browser to 12.0.7.

Usability improvements to the Persistent Storage

  • Change the button to create a Persistent Storage from the Welcome Screen to be a switch. (#19673)

  • Add back the description of some of the Persistent Storage features and mention Kleopatra in the GnuPG feature. (#19642 and #19675)

  • Hide the duplicated Persistent bookmark in the Files browser. (#19646)

Fixed problems

For more details, read our changelog.

  • Avoid restarting the desktop environment when creating a Persistent Storage. (#19667)

Known issues

None specific to this release.

See the list of long-standing issues.

Get Tails 5.14

To upgrade your Tails USB stick and keep your persistent storage

  • Automatic upgrades are available from Tails 5.0 or later to 5.14.

    You can reduce the size of the download of future automatic upgrades by doing a manual upgrade to the latest version.

  • If you cannot do an automatic upgrade or if Tails fails to start after an automatic upgrade, please try to do a manual upgrade.

To install Tails on a new USB stick

Follow our installation instructions:

The Persistent Storage on the USB stick will be lost if you install instead of upgrading.

To download only

If you don't need installation or upgrade instructions, you can download Tails 5.14 directly:

Distro